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雅思口语圈 |新题《完美的工作》不就完美匹配历史话题《有趣的工作》么?

2021-01-18 10:33:17 编辑:无 浏览:(652次)

    2021年1-4月新题已经全部更新完了。从话题来看,我感受到了大家的不安,似乎今年的话题比往年的定语要增加了许多,同时也变态了很多。但在我看来,任何你所认为的难题都是因为你没有看到话题的核心导致的,就拿《完美的工作》这道题来看。

  工作类的话题向来都是学生的难点话题,主要原因就是在于你本身缺乏工作的经验,这也就导致你对工作没有足够的敏感度。但在我看来,不管你被问到的是《完美的工作》,还是《有趣的工作》亦或《祖辈工作》,《国外短期工作》,这些话题的思考点都在于你是否能够拆分出有关“occupation”的角度。只要你先看到了和工作相关的角度,这些题就不再是你所认为的难题。

  工作的维度:

  Type 类型/ Position 职位/ Role 工作职责/ Salary 工资情况/ Number of Jobs 工作数量/ Working hours 工作时间/ Benefits 福利/ Status 地位/ Qualification 资历/Popularity 受欢迎程度/ Colleagues 同事/ Employer 雇主/ Customers 顾客/ Work Requirements 工作要求

  History 历史/ Work place 工作地点/ Work experience 工作经验/ Prospects 前景/ Company 公司/ How long you have worked 工作多久/ How you know about it 怎么知道这份工作的

  Image

  有了以上的角度,我们便可开始思考如何将角度应用在话题之中。鉴于《完美的工作》和《有趣的工作》毫无两样,我将从我还未出版的书里拎出有关《有趣工作》的解析,我希望你可以通过此篇解析独立的完成《完美的工作》。

  Describe an interesting job that you would like to have in the future

  You should say:

  What it is

  How you know about the job

  What people do in the job

  And explain why you think it is interesting

  《有趣的工作》应该算工作类话题中的难点话题了,它的难度主要体现在“Interesting”这个单词上。大多数同学会情不自禁的被这个单词绑架从而导致思维禁锢,接着就开始往各种稀奇古怪的职业上进行思考。

  回顾历年的高频回答,酒店试睡员、小龙虾品尝员、大堡礁守护者等都成为学生的不二选择。虽然这些职业完全符合这道题目,但是它们会让很多人误以为只有这种听起来有趣的职业才叫“Interesting job”。实则不然,任何一份工作都可以有自己的有趣之趣。最关键的是,不同人对同一份工作的认知是不同的,所以你不用刻意去迎合别人的想法,你要做的只是明确你觉得它有趣的点即可。为了让大家走出思考的困境,我们从最后一问开始解题。

 雅思口语圈 |新题《完美的工作》不就完美匹配历史话题《有趣的工作》么?

  01

  Why you think it is interesting

  有关“Interesting”类的话题,我们在人物类中就有涉及。虽然一个问的是有趣的职业,一个是有趣的人,但它们的思考方式还是一致的。“Interesting”可以理解为:“不同的、有吸引力的”。因为任何一份工作都可以有自己的吸睛点,所以我们可以从工作的角度出发来反推我们想要讲的职业。

   Working hours 工作时间

  一般而言,我们会被规定工作时间,比如互联网的工作模式“996”。那么如果有一份职业它脱离了工作时间的限制让你重获自由,你是否会喜欢这样的工作并觉得它很有意思呢?比如:主播、微商等自由职业者。

  Example:Streamer 主播I think being a streamer is interesting as you choose your own hours. Unlike most jobs which have fixed working hours, it is really flexible. You can decide when you start and when you finish. That means you can get up at lunch time and start your work at midnight if you want to.

  You can decide to work for one hour or ten hours. It’s up to you. What is really handy 方便的 is that you can work your schedule around other things in your life. The freedom this job provides would really suit me.

  Work places 工作地点

  和工作时间一样,我们的工作基本都有一个固定的工作场所,也就是所谓的“工位”。为了方便自己的工作节省路上的通勤时间,很多人都会选择公司附近的住房。可一旦选择换公司,你的房子也得跟着换,不然每天都会很累。那么如果一个工作实现了“地点自由”呢?比如:在线老师、职业旅行家等。

  Example:Online tutor 在线教师

  I think being an online tutor is an interesting job as it is very flexible and you can work remotely.  Unlike most jobs which ask you to commute everyday and work from an office, it is a home-based job. As long as you have quiet surroundings, you can work from anywhere. This flexibility allows you to spend more time with your family or to do things you enjoy. You can also work from any country, as long as you have a good internet connection.

  Customer 顾客

  不同的工作需要我们面对不同的顾客。有些顾客可能会让我们觉得烦人,但有些则会让我们觉得有趣,比如幼师、记者等。幼师需要每天面对小朋友,他们看似烦人但却天真无邪。记者则需要和各行各业的人打交道、听各种各样的故事。

  Example one:Kindergarten Teacher 幼师

  Even though many people dislike working with children, I think being a kindergarten teacher would be amazing. Working with children can be fun and enjoyable.

  They see the world through different eyes. They are so innocent and say things as they see them. Working with children is far more rewarding than working with adults.

  Example two:Journalist 记者

  I think being a journalist would be a fascinating job, as you get to meet people from all walks of life 各行各业. You get to travel around the world breaking news stories as they happen and sharing them with the world. You also get to meet iconic people such as celebrities and world leaders.

  Role 角色

  “Role”应该是让一个工作变得有趣的关键因素。不同工作关注不同的面,为此它们会有不同的兴奋点。

  a. 个人阅历提升,感受人间百态

  比如:投资人

  投资人是我自身非常感兴趣的领域。它可以让你接触各个行业, 感受前沿科技,满足你对世界的好奇;它也可以让有潜力的公司得到更快的发展。

  Example:

  I think being an investor is an interesting job. Even though it is full of risks, you get to experience new products and ideas before they have been launched and you get to try cutting edge technology 前沿科技 before others. You don’t need to be an expert in a specific field as you learn about it as you go along.

  Also, being an investor means you can help promising companies develop, especially start-up companies 创业公司. For them, a good investor is key to starting off on the right foot.

  比如:演员

  演员不仅是表演,它也是对生活的体验。这个职业可以让你做很多生活里不能做的事。你实际是个内向的人,你可以在戏里感受歇斯底里;你可能是个性向正常的人,你可以在戏里变成一个同性恋去感受不同的人生。

  Example:

  Being an actor is an interesting career, because not only do you get to perform, you get to take on a whole new persona 人物角色. My friend who is an actor, he works very hard. Once he told me that even though it is very challenging bringing a character to life, it is very exciting to push boundaries 突破极限 in different roles.

  In his first film, he portrayed a repairman who was moody 情绪不定的 and aggressive. It was completely the opposite of his real personality, as he is an introverted person who tends to keep himself to himself 喜欢一个人呆着. In his latest film, he was cast as a homosexual. He said it was a very interesting  and eye-opening experience.

  b. 改变他人人生,美好他人生活

  比如:健身教练

  健身教练可以让一个人拥有更完美的身材,同时也改变他们的性格。

  Example one:

I think being a fitness coach is an interesting job. Even though the older generation don’t recognize it as a proper job, I think it is very important. You can help change a person’s lifestyle and help them become healthier. I have a friend who is a fitness coach and he told me that he gets a great sense of achievement working with and training different people. He said watching the transformation is incredible. It is not only their body shape they change, it is their whole attitude towards life.

  比如:营养师

  营养师可以通过自己的专业能力调整一个人的饮食结构,吃的更健康的。

  Example two:

I think being a dietitian could be an interesting job, because you get to help people maintain a healthier lifestyle. It would be fascinating to learn more about nutrition and how different foods affect our body.

There are so many types of food which people are allergic to, so it would feel great being able to help. My aunt found out she was allergic to dairy products, so she changed her diet. She said it was the best thing she could have done as it has made such a difference to her overall wellbeing.

  比如:化妆师

  化妆师可以通过自己的技术让一个人变得更美、更自信。同时,化妆师也可以把普通的化妆变成一个艺术品。

  Example three:

  I think being a make-up artist would be very interesting, because your job is to make people look beautiful. My best friend is a newly-qualified make-up artist and works for a famous studio. Everyday he helps over 30 people with their makeup.

They always leave feeling happy and confident. He also gets to work some pretty impressive shoots where the makeup is like a piece of art. It takes him hours to get the look but he said it is worth it every time.

  比如:职业理疗师

  职业治疗师则是用各种创意的方法来帮助有功能障碍的病人获得独立照顾自己的能力。

  Example:

  I think being an occupational therapist could be interesting. There is no denying that it’s a tough job, but it also brings enormous 巨大的 self-fulfillment, as it can help people to improve their quality of life. With the help of therapists, people can get better after an illness or injury.

  They can also help people with disabilities to become more independent. I think watching the progress of patients would be rewarding and would make up for all the hard work.

  c. 挑战自我,让梦想变成现实

  比如:产品经理

  产品经理是一个非常有意思的职业,它可以把你的梦想变成现实最终已产品的形式呈现在用户眼前,而你的一个想法也会改变很多人的生活。

  Example:

  I think being a product manager could be an interesting job, as it allows you to turn your ideas into reality. For example, my friend is a product manager 产品经理 working for a big international company. He had an idea to get everybody moving and change their sedentary lifestyle.

  He created “WeRun” 微信运动, an add-on 附加组件 program for WeChat. It was a huge hit 成功的事/物 and changed many people’s lives. Nowadays people use it all over the country to monitor how many steps they take everyday. Can you imagine everyone in the country using an app you have designed?

  比如:软件开发员

  如果说产品经理是造梦者的话,软件开发员更多是一个执行者。即便如此,软件开发依旧是一件有趣的事。因为你会经历一个产品从无到有的过程,你也会从中感受到各种挑战。

  Example:

I think being a software developer would be challenging but equally as interesting. As I like pushing boundaries and challenging myself, this would be a great job for me. I like the idea of working on the project from start to finish and learning about different technology throughout the process.

My cousin is a software developer working for Alibaba. He told me it is the best job in the world which allows him to create new software. In the past few years, he has participated in many projects, including Taobao, Alipay which have all been successful.

  Work Requirements 工作需求

  除了工作本身的内容会让你觉得有趣以外,“工作需求”也有让我们觉得有趣的点

  a. 参加各种社交活动

  比如:公关

  公关是我大学毕业以后的第一份职业。对于我而言,这份工作的有趣之处就在于它需要我参加各种各样的活动,认识各行各业的人。

  Example:

I think being a PR officer would be an interesting job, as you get the chance to take part in various kinds of activities and events. Unlike other jobs where you sit in front of a screen all day, it allows you to visit different locations.

You get to attend interesting conferences and meet lots of influential people. On one hand, I think being a PR officer could be stressful. But on the other hand, I think it would be glamorous and entertaining.

  b.  经常性出差

  比如:海外销售

  海外销售经常性的被要求出差。很多人可能会厌烦与扮演“空中飞人”的角色,但常年穿梭于不同的国家地区也会让你了解到不同的风土人情。

  Example:

  Even though I think being a salesperson would be draining 累的 and tiring, I also think it would be a very interesting job. You get to travel all around the world meeting lots of new people along the way.

My friend who is a senior salesman has been to over 30 countries in the last 5 years. He says he never gets bored and that everyday is different. He enjoys staying with fancy hotels and eating many different cuisine.

  Colleague 同事

  一份工作的有趣之处也有可能来自于和你一起工作的人。如果你的同事都是一群经验或者都是一群脑洞很大的人,你会觉得这份工作有趣么?如果你的同事都是美女帅哥,你会觉得有趣么?如果你的同事都是演员,你会觉得有趣么?

  Example:Model agent 模特经纪人

  I think working for a model agency 模特经纪公司 would be interesting, because you would be surrounded by beautiful and handsome models all day long. I also think it would be fascinating to be around fashion.

You could learn so much about style just by watching what the models are wearing. It would probably motivate you to keep in shape too, because you would be around stunning people with amazing figures and that would just push you to work out more.

  02

  How you know about it

  参考于上一个话题《不想从事的工作》, 这道题的思考模式和之前的没有太多出入,唯一的差异在于这个小问最后需要呈现出来积极的态度。

  Example one:Teacher 老师

Well, my grandpa was a math teacher and he taught in schools all his life. When I was young, he always told me how he liked his job, as it gave him a great sense of achievement. I would always ask him lots of questions about how to be a good teacher.

  Example two:Accountant 会计

I didn’t know about it until my older cousin became an accountant when I was in middle school. She came to me excitedly and told me lots of details about her job. Whenever we hung out, she would always tell me stories. Now I am also learning accounting at my university.

  Example three:Investor 投资人

I didn’t know about it until my friend highly recommended the profession to me when I was a freshman. She told me the job was very promising and how she found it interesting meeting people from all walks of life. It really triggered my curiosity and now I am looking into becoming an investor.

  Example four:Streamer 主播

The first time I heard about it was about 3 years ago. At the time, live streaming had gone viral overnight and becoming a streamer was the hottest job. It caught my attention and I read all about it. Now I am trying to become a streamer.

  03

  What people do in the job

  这道“What”类的问题直接对应的角度是“Role”,我们需要从具体的工作职责中拆分“主次”或“时间线”。在“时间线”的阐述中,我们可以强调工作难度逐渐加大,要求越来越高;除此之外,你也可以表达对这份工作前后认知的差异。

  如果你选择的职业专业性有点高并且你不知道如何作答的话,我的建议是先百度或者Google相关的英文介绍,接着你就可以把内容整理一下,选取自己比较容易阐述的部分即可。

  按主次拆分

  Example one:Model agent 模特经纪人

A model agent has many tasks to do. The most challenging part of the job is finding potential customers and models. It is a very competitive industry, so they have to work hard to establish relationships with fashion companies, advertisement agencies and so on. They also need to assist models at photoshoots or casting calls 试镜 or for runway shows 走秀.

  Example two:PR officer 公关

PR officer play an important role in building and maintaining a positive public image. In order to be recognized and known by more people, they need to have and keep a good relationship with journalists. PR officer also need to deal with any negative press about a company and eradicate it as soon as possible.

  按时间线拆分

  Example one:Investor  投资人

At first, I thought being an investor would be easy as you just have to invest money into suitable companies. However, after looking into it, I realized that there are so many things you need to know and that actually the job requires a lot of different skills.

  You need to do lots of research into various kinds of markets and investments. You also need to work closely with each company offering them support and guidance.

  Example two:Teacher 老师

  Becoming a teacher is much more challenging than before. In the past, the main duty of a teacher was to teach students how to understand and solve problems.

Nowadays, the most important thing for a teacher to do is to focus on the whole development of a student. Teaching them to simply pass the exam is not enough, They should guide and mentor students and prepare them for life.

  04

  What it is

  《不想从事的工作》第一小问的主要拓展点是“Popularity”和“History”,如果你想要偷懒你可以直接搬用内容到这个话题里。当然除了这两个角度以外,你还可以尝试下其他的拓展角度。

  Salary 工资

  有意思的工作并非都是高薪,它也可能工资不高。

  Example one:

  I would like to be an investor, one of the most interesting jobs that I know about so far. It is regarded as a decent job with a high salary. I think investors enjoy a high quality of life.

  Example two:

  I think a PR specialist would be an interesting job. It doesn’t really pay much when you start out, but if you put the work in, you can climb the ladder quickly and then earn lots of money.

  Qualification 资历

  有趣的工作可能需要高学历,也有可能它没有太多资历上的要求。

  Example one:

  I would like to be a streamer 主播 in the future, as I think it looks very easy and interesting. You don’t need to have a high school degree or any specific qualifications. You just need to be confident in front the camera and make entertaining shows.

  Example two:

  I would like to be a product manager. It is one of the most interesting jobs that I know, but being a product manager is not that easy. You have to have specific training and a lot of work experience.

  Number of Jobs 岗位数量

  有些有趣的工作岗位充裕,有些则竞争激烈。

  Example one:

  I would like to be an accountant. Even though some people see it as a boring job, I think it is quite interesting. For me, being an accountant would be easy and it is not that competitive like other jobs.

  Almost all the companies in the world need accountants, so I would never have to worry about finding a job.

  Example two:

  I would like to be a head hunter. It is a very interesting job but it’s also very competitive. It is very hard to find a position, so you really need to be outstanding to get a job.

  通过对以上四小问的讲解,现在你可以完成属于你自己的话题啦。

  参考答案:【完美的工作】

  What it is

  If it is possible, I would like to be a product manager 产品经理, as I think it would be a very interesting job. With the development of the Internet, it has become very popular and in-demand 非常需要的.

  Almost all the internet companies need product managers. However, not everyone is qualified to do the job. You need to have specific qualifications and work experience.

  How you know about it

  The first time I heard about the job was when my friend introduced it to me. At the time, he was training to be a product manager.

  I had never heard about it before but when he explained to me what is involved I was quite surprised. It is actually a really creative job, so I decided to search for more information about it online.

  What do people do in the job

My understanding is that product managers play a vital role in any project. They have the creative vision to get the product off the ground. They know clearly how the project will work and all the necessary steps that need to be taken in order to achieve the goal.

  They also have to have excellent communication skills as they have to collaborate with many different departments within the company to ensure everything runs smoothly.

  Why you think it is perfect

  I think being a product manager would be a perfect job, as it allows you to turn your ideas into reality.

  For example, my friend is a product manager working for a big international company. He had an idea to get everybody moving and change their sedentary lifestyle. He created “WeRun”, an add-on program for WeChat.

It was a huge hit and changed many people’s lives. Nowadays people use it all over the country to monitor how many steps they take everyday. Can you imagine everyone in the country using an app you have designed?